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Rescuing somebody from an ice fall

Call 911, it’s best to get help on the way just in case your not able to become the hero of the day. Do not rush to the edge of the hole to attempt to rescue. This may turn into 2 victims in the water instead. When trying to save somebody else that fell into the water remember the steps  Preach, Reach, Throw, Row and Go.

 

  • Preach: Try to coach the person out of the water. Shout out words of encouragement to help them stay calm, fight and survive. Remind them to stay afloat, to never give up, that help is on the way.

  • Reach: If you’re not able to talk them out of the situation safely extend and object like rope, paracord or even jumper cables. Try to stay on the solid safe ground as much as possible, do not go any further out on the ice then what’s needed. If the victim begins to pull you in then release your grip and try again.

  • Throw: throw a line or something that can float. Try to have them wrap the line around their body before they become too weak to grasp it with their hands.

  • Row: Grab a small boat or floatation device. Row or float out to the victim or toss the floatation device out to the victim. If you’re able to grab a boat then pull the person over into the boat.

  • Go: If all else fail you’re just going to have to go get them, but it’s best to let the professionals do this. If you must approach a hole don’t walk upright, instead lay down and roll or slide to the edge. Spreading your body over a larger surface area will make the ice less susceptive to break more. But if it’s too dangerous to perform a rescue then just call 911 and continue to verbally coach the person.

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Five Major Terrain Features

Hilltops: This is the highest point in a rise of land. This type of terrain is great to overlook your surroundings.

 

Ridgeline: This is a sloping line of high ground composed of a series of hilltops.

 

Saddle: This is a bend or a low point between two areas of higher ground. If you are standing in the center of a saddle, there is high ground to your left and right and low ground in front to your front and rear.

 

Draw: A draw is a decrease in elevation from a saddle with high ground on each side.

 

Valley: This is a stretched out groove in the land, usually formed by streams or rivers. If standing in a valley, there is high ground in two opposite directions and a gradual incline in the other two directions.

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Winter Fire!

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Find an area: The hardest task to starting a fire in the snow is protecting the fire from the snow (melting snow) and as well as any cold gusts. So, remember to be aware of your surroundings.

 

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Gather Firewood: When gathering firewood, pick up wood from the ground that is already dead. A good place to find some dead wood and branches are at the bottom of trees. When the snow is heavy, this is a place where dead branches are going to be the driest. 

 

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Begin to build the fire: Before you begin to build a fire, separate your firewood from wet or damp ground. Once your fire starts burning, start placing larger pieces of wood onto the flames. Try not to get frustrated when doing this. Be patient and focus on maintaining your fire.

 

Now enjoy your primitive caveman pride and remember that fire is important for survival!

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Don’t let winter kill you

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Inclined Terrain: A good way to go up a hill during heavy snow is building enough speed while maintaining even pressure on your gas pedal. What you want to happen while doing this is, is to have your tires spin, but not spin too fast that will cause them to slide and lose traction. Nowadays, cars traction controls systems adjust tire spin according to slippage.

 

giphy-6Avalanches: If you see small shiny crystals forming on the top of the snow on a beautiful day that’s a warning sign, that’s called hoarfrost. When that happens is when it snows again on top of the top of that layer, it then creates a very loose layer.

 

 

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Black Ice: Different from snow, ice can be seen sometimes but it’s more often invisible. One way to detect ice is to look for a shiny reflection in the road. It might look like water but be aware, it may be ice. Check to see if puddles are liquid or frozen? (If your car has a thermometer, check and see if it’s at or below 32 degrees as well).

 

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Falling objects due to the sun’s heat: Be aware of your surroundings when it starts to thaw outside. If you’re in a city, don’t take those “falling ice” signs lightly, they might end up saving your life.

 

Pot Holes: As winter ends, the thawing begins and our vehicle’s worse enemy appears. Potholes are tricky because the bright sun and a warm wind can quickly thaw the ice, but they can leave patches in sheltered areas. So, be aware where a wall casts a shadow over the road.