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Swipe Right on this Tinder!

 

To start a fire, you need a source, either from a flame or spark. Afterward, use tinder, then move to kindling. The process is simple but difficult when in a survival situation.

Tinder is very crucial and necessary to start a fire. Using our crinkle paper from our boxes will help you create a successful fire. Just put some in a ziplock bag and put it inside your camping/bug out bag.

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Five Major Terrain Features

Hilltops: This is the highest point in a rise of land. This type of terrain is great to overlook your surroundings.

 

Ridgeline: This is a sloping line of high ground composed of a series of hilltops.

 

Saddle: This is a bend or a low point between two areas of higher ground. If you are standing in the center of a saddle, there is high ground to your left and right and low ground in front to your front and rear.

 

Draw: A draw is a decrease in elevation from a saddle with high ground on each side.

 

Valley: This is a stretched out groove in the land, usually formed by streams or rivers. If standing in a valley, there is high ground in two opposite directions and a gradual incline in the other two directions.

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5 Common Edible Berries

There are several definitions of “berries” or “berry fruits.”  The botanical definition of the berry fruits: berry fruits are fleshy fruits produced from a single flower and containing one ovary. Two common examples of ‘botanical’ berries are grapes and bananas. Below are common berries you can find in the wild when you’re in a survival situation.

winterbWintergreen berries in damp area and shade

Wintergreen Berries: a common plant mainly grows in the northern half of the united states. Its leaves are waxy and dark green and it produces a brilliant red berry that is edible.

  s1160075_fotorManzanita berries like to live in dry, scrubby places

Manzanita Berries: A plant that mainly inhabits the west coast of the united states. Though this plant is edible, it tastes really earthy because the berries are full of tannin.

  pberries_fotorPartridge Berries are found in damp woods, usually among trees that lose their leaves in winter

Partridge Berries: Partridge berries looks similar to cranberry berries but have a very tart and earthy taste. these berries are packed with a ton of natural pectin and are best served with chicken, venison, or cheese.

blackberries-1539540_1920 Blackberries can be found more commonly across the eastern United States and the west coast

Blackberries: These dark berries are like sweet little diamonds from the wild. They are delicious and are a nutritious source of food that we can forage almost anywhere.

 

blueberries-1031221_1920Blueberries turn into a deep bluish blue by the end of July/beginning of August, depending on local conditions.

Blueberries: Blueberries belong to the Heather family (The Heather Family is a large plant family, containing over 4000 species in 126 genera) The tough, low-growing plants can absolutely carpet a forest floor. That being said, this provides a paradise for foraging.

 

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Types of North American Bears

bear-areas-mapThis map was compiled by superimposing three maps prepared by Karl Musser, Simon Pierre Barrette, and Fabio B.

This map illustrates the geographic ranges of three types of bears that populate North America – black bears, polar bears, and grizzly bears. Keep in mind that bears of the same species might look alike, everything from their size, fur color, diet, and sleeping patterns, but everything depends on the bear’s location. The two most common bears in the United States are black bears, and grizzly bears (also known as brown bears). In this article, I will only be explaining how to identify black bears and grizzly bears.

 

black-bearWhat most black bears look like

Black Bears: The American black bear is the most common bear in North America and it has the largest geographic range.In addition to being the most common, they are also the most timid and least dangerous. They will avoid you as much as you should avoid them.  But, that doesn’t mean that they will invade your surrounding locations. Like any animal, if there is food around they will go after it. Black bears generally travel at night to avoid being detected.

  • Color varies from blond to black.
  • No distinctive shoulder hump.
  • Rump is higher than front shoulders.
  • Face profile is straight.
  • Ears are taller and less rounded than grizzly bear ears.
Pete the black bear at the Oregon Zoo © Oregon Zoo / photo by Carli Davidson
Pete the black bear at the Oregon Zoo © Oregon Zoo / photo by Carli Davidson
  • Front claws are 1-2 inches long and curved to help with climbing.

 

 

grizzly-702828_1280Distinct grizzly bear feature: Shoulder blade hump

Grizzly Bears (Brown Bears): Some distinct features that a grizzly has, are they have a concave face, a hump on their shoulders, and long claws about two to four inches long. The distinct hump and claws give it great digging ability. Grizzly bears are often dark brown color, but as stated early it all depends on the location, thus some grizzlies can vary from very light tan color to black. The long guard hairs on their backs and shoulders frequently have white tips and give the bears a “grizzled” appearance, hence the name “grizzly.”

  • Color varies from blond to black.
  • Distinctive shoulder hump.
  • Rump is lower than shoulder hump.
  • Face profile appears dished in.
  • Ears are short and rounded.

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  • Front claws are 2-4 inches long, depending on the amount of digging the bear does, and are slightly curved. Claw marks are usually visible in tracks.
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How to Skin and Gut an animal

Never forget that you have removed a living, breathing creature from its natural life cycle. Whether it’s a bug or a buck, it has the same spirit and not utilizing the whole animal would be a waste. Give thanks and appreciate that a living being gave up its life for you.

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1. On an incline, lay the carcass on its back.

2. Cut off genitals and udders.

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3. Just beneath the skin, slice the hide down the middle from the chin down to the tail. Be careful not to puncture any organs.

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4. Open the chest cavity by separating the sternum.

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5. Reach inside remove internal organs. Start from the front of the intestines and working your way to the back.

NOTE: Be especially cautious when cutting the bladder so that you do not puncture it, otherwise, urine will contaminate the meat. Tightly pinch the urethra and cut it above the pinching point, then remove the bladder.

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7. Cut a circle on the outside of the anus.

8. Pull out the anus from the inside of the body cavity.

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9. Lift the carcass to drain it of all the blood.

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10. Just above the hoof/paw cut along the inside of the legs to remove the hide.

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11. Peel the skin back while cutting the membrane between skin and meat until all of the skin is removed.

NOTE: Edible Guts!

Heart, kidneys, and liver are good eating and full of nutrients.

Stomach, small intestines, and large intestines are full of acid and waste. Unless those organs are properly prepared, DO NOT eat them.

If any part of the meat becomes contaminated, it will quickly turn rancid. Use your eyes and nose. If the meat looks bad or smells bad, cut that part out.

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The Predator Mindset

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The number one rule

The responsibility of survival and success solely lies on you.

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Learn from failure

Own up to your own mistakes to become more lethal. If the target escapes, then most likely you made a mistake and may need to reconsider your prey selections, position, timing, etc…

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Discipline

You must be disciplined enough to recognize the perfect time to strike or when it’s time back down.

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Awareness

Always be on full alert. A successful hunter is rarely caught by surprise. Your targets are the ones that are not aware, impatient, and full of mistakes. That’s the prey.

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Swiftness

Strike fast and accurately, the objective is to get in and get out. The less time you’re are vulnerable struggling in a fight, the less time the prey can go get help and the sooner you can go home safely.

Target the weakest link

Target the loner, the weakest and slowest of the herd. This is a crucial strategy that has been successfully implemented by the most dangerous of predators psych as lions and wolves.

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Spear Hunting History

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For centuries, mankind has used the spear as both a weapon of war and a hunting tool. Modern spear hunters favor the craft because it requires patience, accuracy, predator instincts, and proficient throwing ability.

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The type of spear you use is key. Lightweight handheld spears are the best for hunting small game. Lightweight spears are known for their speed and penetration power when throwing long distance at prey. This type of spear is perfect for smaller prey because it doesn’t need much force to take them down.

 

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Crafting a hunting spear is fairly simple. Using a sharp knife, whittle a long and durable stick into a smooth and straight projectile that can be used as the shaft. Thanks to the Alpha Outpost Predator Box, you have a pretty awesome spearhead to use.

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How to build a Teepee fire

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Find an area:

Remember to be aware of your surroundings. Find an area where nothing else can catch fire. A gust of wind can make a flame leap somewhere flammable. Similarly, keep your tent far enough that it will not damage it.

 

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Gather Firewood:

When gathering firewood, pick up wood from the ground that is dry already. If you are going to use fresh cut wood, keep in mind that it will be more difficult to burn and will be a smoky fire.

 

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Begin to build the fire:

Begin to build a teepee style structure with wood. To start the fire, add tinder in the center or add a fire starting tab.

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Now enjoy your primitive caveman pride and reminder that fire is important!

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Chapstick Survival

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You think chapsticks’ only use is for lips? Think again! A real alpha can turn this everyday object into a tactical tool. Check out these chapstick tips and learn how.

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Keep your knife from Rusting: Apply to your knife, if you have to use it in wet conditions. This well keep the blade smooth and rust-free.

 

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Use as a gear lubricant: Apply to the zippers on your gear. This will help with jamming and keep the zipper water resistant in wet conditions.

 

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Use as Mild Anesthetic: Apply to blisters, foot rot, or small cuts. The tingling sensation will help with itchiness and pain.

 

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Use it to extend the life of fire: Apply to a q-tip, match, or any flammable fabric. This will make the flame last longer and can be used as a potential survival light source.

A photo by Dino Reichmuth. unsplash.com/photos/5Rhl-kSRydQ

Selecting a Campsite

A photo by Dino Reichmuth. unsplash.com/photos/5Rhl-kSRydQIf your’e thinking about going camping, one critical decision you’re going to have to make is selecting a campsite. There are two types of areas you can stay in; backcountry and frontcountry.

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Backcountry:

Backcountry camping means spending at least one night in the wilderness, usually at a designated backcountry campsites or trail shelter far from the nearest road. Once you have done your research and arrive at your location, make sure to check in with the local ranger station to alert them of your presence. This also gives you time to ask about trail conditions and dangerous wildlife.

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Frontcountry:

Frontcountry is composed of outdoor areas that are easily accessible by vehicle and mostly visited by day users. Developed campgrounds are also included in the frontcountry arena. Frontcountry locations tend to be more crowded and attract a wider range of visitors than backcountry.

Spending time outdoors can be a great way to connect with nature and forget some real-life problems that might be weighing you down. So, keep in mind, pick a campsite that will let you relax.

  • Research camping regulations or permit requirements for the area in which you want to camp in.
  • Scenic views are nice. But, there’s more to soaking up a beautiful landscape. Some individuals prefer scenic overlooks, canyons, and mountains, and some just need to be surrounded by trees to feel comfortable.
  • Choose a site appropriate for the size of your group.
  • Morning sun will dry tents and warm you up. Afternoon shade will shield you from the hot sun.
  • Ground that has a slight rise will help to avoid puddles in case of rain.
  • Avoid areas heavy with mosquitoes and other insects. Unless Prepared.
  • Breezes can keep down insect numbers. They travel with the wind not against it.
  • Avoid tall grassy meadows because chiggers, ticks, ants, and other bugs live there.

Helpful links

  • Leave No Trace:

http://www.lnt.org

  • Map to find a wilderness area:

http://www.wilderness.net/map.cfm

 

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