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Rescuing somebody from an ice fall

Call 911, it’s best to get help on the way just in case your not able to become the hero of the day. Do not rush to the edge of the hole to attempt to rescue. This may turn into 2 victims in the water instead. When trying to save somebody else that fell into the water remember the steps  Preach, Reach, Throw, Row and Go.

 

  • Preach: Try to coach the person out of the water. Shout out words of encouragement to help them stay calm, fight and survive. Remind them to stay afloat, to never give up, that help is on the way.

  • Reach: If you’re not able to talk them out of the situation safely extend and object like rope, paracord or even jumper cables. Try to stay on the solid safe ground as much as possible, do not go any further out on the ice then what’s needed. If the victim begins to pull you in then release your grip and try again.

  • Throw: throw a line or something that can float. Try to have them wrap the line around their body before they become too weak to grasp it with their hands.

  • Row: Grab a small boat or floatation device. Row or float out to the victim or toss the floatation device out to the victim. If you’re able to grab a boat then pull the person over into the boat.

  • Go: If all else fail you’re just going to have to go get them, but it’s best to let the professionals do this. If you must approach a hole don’t walk upright, instead lay down and roll or slide to the edge. Spreading your body over a larger surface area will make the ice less susceptive to break more. But if it’s too dangerous to perform a rescue then just call 911 and continue to verbally coach the person.

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Ice Ice Baby: Ice Baths

Many professional athletes jump into ice-filled bathtubs after a strenuous workout. Some of the rationales behind putting your body through such extremes is very much straight forward. The low temperatures instantly cool the muscles down; which is an efficient way to bring down inflammation.

Muscles that are overworked become sore due to a chemical called lactic acid. When your muscles are put under heavy stress they begin to get deprived of oxygen and lactic acid starts to build up causing the inflammation.

Ice baths help the blood vessels and the muscles to momentarily constrict which helps get rid of all the waste and byproducts from a strenuous workout. Once the body begins to warm up from the ice bath, the muscle tissue that was affected begins to increase in blood flow. That increase in blood flow helps with the muscle recovery.

If you have never done this before, it is obvious that it will suck and will be very unpleasant. Just remember that that unpleasantness is temporary.

 

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The Color Code System: Mental Conditioning

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Mental Conditioning trains you towards a mindful state of awareness. Thinking with an aware mind will then prepare you for deadly situations.  One of the most effective deterrents is an alert person.  A criminal would rather deal with an unaware, careless person than an aware one. Preparing yourself mentally will assist the you in preventing and defusing a situation before deadly force becomes necessary. Below are the conditions that will allow you to move from one level of mindset to another while enabling you with the ability to properly handle a given situation.

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Condition White:  Condition White is an oblivious state during which a person is totally vulnerable and is unaware of his surroundings.  DO NOT be caught in this condition.

 

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Condition Yellow:  Condition Yellow is a state of nonspecific alert.  You are aware of everything going on around you and if the need arise, you are prepared to act.

 

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Condition Orange: Condition Orange is a state of specific alertness.  You identified a dangerous situation. You have decided that a course of action is needed.  One of the rules of deadly force was met and you are prepared to respond accordingly.

 

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Condition Red: Condition Red.  Condition red is the state of being actively engaged with a specific threat. A decision has been made and a set course of action is being taken.

 

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Condition Black: Condition Black is an add-on to the white, yellow, orange, and red conditions. This is when you experience a total state of panic and denial characterized by the inability to logically think and react.  This is a condition that you must avoid.

 

 

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Winter Fire!

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Find an area: The hardest task to starting a fire in the snow is protecting the fire from the snow (melting snow) and as well as any cold gusts. So, remember to be aware of your surroundings.

 

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Gather Firewood: When gathering firewood, pick up wood from the ground that is already dead. A good place to find some dead wood and branches are at the bottom of trees. When the snow is heavy, this is a place where dead branches are going to be the driest. 

 

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Begin to build the fire: Before you begin to build a fire, separate your firewood from wet or damp ground. Once your fire starts burning, start placing larger pieces of wood onto the flames. Try not to get frustrated when doing this. Be patient and focus on maintaining your fire.

 

Now enjoy your primitive caveman pride and remember that fire is important for survival!

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Don’t let winter kill you

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Inclined Terrain: A good way to go up a hill during heavy snow is building enough speed while maintaining even pressure on your gas pedal. What you want to happen while doing this is, is to have your tires spin, but not spin too fast that will cause them to slide and lose traction. Nowadays, cars traction controls systems adjust tire spin according to slippage.

 

giphy-6Avalanches: If you see small shiny crystals forming on the top of the snow on a beautiful day that’s a warning sign, that’s called hoarfrost. When that happens is when it snows again on top of the top of that layer, it then creates a very loose layer.

 

 

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Black Ice: Different from snow, ice can be seen sometimes but it’s more often invisible. One way to detect ice is to look for a shiny reflection in the road. It might look like water but be aware, it may be ice. Check to see if puddles are liquid or frozen? (If your car has a thermometer, check and see if it’s at or below 32 degrees as well).

 

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Falling objects due to the sun’s heat: Be aware of your surroundings when it starts to thaw outside. If you’re in a city, don’t take those “falling ice” signs lightly, they might end up saving your life.

 

Pot Holes: As winter ends, the thawing begins and our vehicle’s worse enemy appears. Potholes are tricky because the bright sun and a warm wind can quickly thaw the ice, but they can leave patches in sheltered areas. So, be aware where a wall casts a shadow over the road.

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The Predator Mindset

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The number one rule

The responsibility of survival and success solely lies on you.

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Learn from failure

Own up to your own mistakes to become more lethal. If the target escapes, then most likely you made a mistake and may need to reconsider your prey selections, position, timing, etc…

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Discipline

You must be disciplined enough to recognize the perfect time to strike or when it’s time back down.

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Awareness

Always be on full alert. A successful hunter is rarely caught by surprise. Your targets are the ones that are not aware, impatient, and full of mistakes. That’s the prey.

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Swiftness

Strike fast and accurately, the objective is to get in and get out. The less time you’re are vulnerable struggling in a fight, the less time the prey can go get help and the sooner you can go home safely.

Target the weakest link

Target the loner, the weakest and slowest of the herd. This is a crucial strategy that has been successfully implemented by the most dangerous of predators psych as lions and wolves.

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Jack Frost vs. Your Car

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Consider Winter Tires: What separates winter tires and all season tires is the rubber compound that is used. In low temperatures, all season tires harden, which cause less traction. With this in mind, winter tires use a special type of rubber allows that flexibility in cold temperatures. This in turn gives the tires better grip and improved braking.

 

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Lift up your wiper blades: When it’s cold outside and there’s freezing precipitation, one thing that you must remember is to turn off your wipers. You do this because, the next time you turn your car on, you don’t want the wiper motor fighting against frozen snow. That can potentially burn out your wiper motor. For that very reason, just pop your wiper blades up.

 

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Clean off your car, entirely: Once the snow starts sticking to your car, and freezing on it, it’s time to clean it off properly. To start, the obvious reason you should clean your car is to maintain proper visibility. We’ve all seen those cars driving down the road with a blizzard still on top of them. Don’t be that person. If that’s too much for some of you, remember it’s the law in many states that your vehicle must be clear of snow and ice.

 

Check your tire pressure: Gas expands with heat and contracts when it’s cold. So, when that cold weather arrives, it’s best to check your tire pressure as a safety precaution.

Note: Tire pressure (per square inch) drops between 1 and 2 pounds for every 10-degree decrease in temperature.

 

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Survival Kit: 

One way to make winter safe is by getting prepared for the worst, and that involves having emergency items with you. Below are some items to put in your trunk

  • Flashlight, and extra batteries
  • Blanket, Space Blanket
  • Jumper cables
  • Snacks, non-perishables
  • First-aid kit
  • Small shovel
  • Flares or reflective triangles
  • Spare tire
  • Ice scraper
  • A bag of sand or cat litter to help with traction
  • Extra windshield wiper fluid
  • A blanket/space blanket
  • Sleeping Bag
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Controlling Bleeding

If emergency treatment is not needed, bleeding can usually be stopped by applying steady, direct pressure and elevating the wound. The following steps will help you to control profuse bleeding.
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  1. Elevate the wound:

Elevate the wound above the heart.

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  1. Use Direct Pressure:

Apply firm pressure with a clean compress (such as heavy gauze pad, washcloth, or t-shirt) directly on top of the wound. When the bleeding slows down or stops, tie the pad firmly in place with gauze strips, a necktie, strips of cloth or a shoelace.

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  1. Use Pressure Points:

By pressing on these blood vessels, the blood flow will go away from the wound and it will be slowed down. This will allow direct pressure to stop bleeding.

  • Pressure points: arm between shoulder/elbow, groin area and behind the knee.

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  1. Use Tourniquet:

This is your last resort. Place the tourniquet as high above the wound as possible. Mark the time that you apply the tourniquet to tell the experts when they arrive.

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ABCDE of Emergency Medicine

tongue_blocking_airway-svgTongue blocking airway

Airway: If the victim responds in a normal voice, then the airway is open. A common sign of partial airway obstruction in the unconscious state is snoring. Depending on the airway, you will need your nasopharyngeal hose and oropharyngeal hose.

 

cpr1112Providing rescue breath

Breathing: If breathing is insufficient, assisted breathing must be performed by giving rescue breaths. This can be done with or without a CPR mask.

 

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Circulation: Inspection of the skin gives clues to circulatory problems. Color changes, sweating, and decreased level of responsiveness to touch are signs of decreased circulation.

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Disability: Check for consciousness using the AVPU method. This is when the victim is grades as alert (A), voice responsive (V), pain responsive (P), or unresponsive (U). Regardless of level, the best action is to keep the victim still and call for professional help.

thermChecking temperature by thermometer

Exposure: Signs of trauma, bleeding or skin reactions must be examined. Body temperature can be estimated by feeling the skin or using a thermometer, when available.

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The thought process of EDC

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The purpose of the EDC is to stay in a constant state of logical and critical thinking. Utilizing only the resources around you. Ask yourself; how can I fix, complete, or survive life or death situations? Two concepts to keep in mind when choosing and using your EDC gear are: Lateral Thinking and P.A.C.E Report.

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Lateral Thinking: An Alpha should use lateral thinking to move from one known idea to creating new ideas. Four types of thinking tools.

  1. Have multipurpose items that can help change how you figure things out.
  2. Question the question and rearrange the pieces for the scenario.
  3. Pretend you were someone else trying to solve a problem. Say, if you were a soldier, or a scientist, how would they escape from a hostage situation?
  4. Consider real world restrictions, resources, and support.

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P.A.C.E Communication Plan

Primary: The first considered and most often efficient way of completing the objective because you’re communicating.

Alternate: The second route to take to accomplish the same task. Usually initiated in conjunction with Primary, just in case.

Contingency: This method is not the quickest, cheapest, nor easiest in comparison to the first two methods, but can complete the objective in an acceptable manner.

Emergency: This is the last resort and usually has the longest delay, highest cost and most significant impact.