Rescuing somebody from an ice fall

Call 911, it’s best to get help on the way just in case your not able to become the hero of the day. Do not rush to the edge of the hole to attempt to rescue. This may turn into 2 victims in the water instead. When trying to save somebody else that fell into the water remember the steps  Preach, Reach, Throw, Row and Go.


  • Preach: Try to coach the person out of the water. Shout out words of encouragement to help them stay calm, fight and survive. Remind them to stay afloat, to never give up, that help is on the way.

  • Reach: If you’re not able to talk them out of the situation safely extend and object like rope, paracord or even jumper cables. Try to stay on the solid safe ground as much as possible, do not go any further out on the ice then what’s needed. If the victim begins to pull you in then release your grip and try again.

  • Throw: throw a line or something that can float. Try to have them wrap the line around their body before they become too weak to grasp it with their hands.

  • Row: Grab a small boat or floatation device. Row or float out to the victim or toss the floatation device out to the victim. If you’re able to grab a boat then pull the person over into the boat.

  • Go: If all else fail you’re just going to have to go get them, but it’s best to let the professionals do this. If you must approach a hole don’t walk upright, instead lay down and roll or slide to the edge. Spreading your body over a larger surface area will make the ice less susceptive to break more. But if it’s too dangerous to perform a rescue then just call 911 and continue to verbally coach the person.


Ice Ice Baby: Ice Baths

Many professional athletes jump into ice-filled bathtubs after a strenuous workout. Some of the rationales behind putting your body through such extremes is very much straight forward. The low temperatures instantly cool the muscles down; which is an efficient way to bring down inflammation.

Muscles that are overworked become sore due to a chemical called lactic acid. When your muscles are put under heavy stress they begin to get deprived of oxygen and lactic acid starts to build up causing the inflammation.

Ice baths help the blood vessels and the muscles to momentarily constrict which helps get rid of all the waste and byproducts from a strenuous workout. Once the body begins to warm up from the ice bath, the muscle tissue that was affected begins to increase in blood flow. That increase in blood flow helps with the muscle recovery.

If you have never done this before, it is obvious that it will suck and will be very unpleasant. Just remember that that unpleasantness is temporary.


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Winter Fire!


Find an area: The hardest task to starting a fire in the snow is protecting the fire from the snow (melting snow) and as well as any cold gusts. So, remember to be aware of your surroundings.



Gather Firewood: When gathering firewood, pick up wood from the ground that is already dead. A good place to find some dead wood and branches are at the bottom of trees. When the snow is heavy, this is a place where dead branches are going to be the driest. 



Begin to build the fire: Before you begin to build a fire, separate your firewood from wet or damp ground. Once your fire starts burning, start placing larger pieces of wood onto the flames. Try not to get frustrated when doing this. Be patient and focus on maintaining your fire.


Now enjoy your primitive caveman pride and remember that fire is important for survival!


Don’t let winter kill you


Inclined Terrain: A good way to go up a hill during heavy snow is building enough speed while maintaining even pressure on your gas pedal. What you want to happen while doing this is, is to have your tires spin, but not spin too fast that will cause them to slide and lose traction. Nowadays, cars traction controls systems adjust tire spin according to slippage.


giphy-6Avalanches: If you see small shiny crystals forming on the top of the snow on a beautiful day that’s a warning sign, that’s called hoarfrost. When that happens is when it snows again on top of the top of that layer, it then creates a very loose layer.




Black Ice: Different from snow, ice can be seen sometimes but it’s more often invisible. One way to detect ice is to look for a shiny reflection in the road. It might look like water but be aware, it may be ice. Check to see if puddles are liquid or frozen? (If your car has a thermometer, check and see if it’s at or below 32 degrees as well).



Falling objects due to the sun’s heat: Be aware of your surroundings when it starts to thaw outside. If you’re in a city, don’t take those “falling ice” signs lightly, they might end up saving your life.


Pot Holes: As winter ends, the thawing begins and our vehicle’s worse enemy appears. Potholes are tricky because the bright sun and a warm wind can quickly thaw the ice, but they can leave patches in sheltered areas. So, be aware where a wall casts a shadow over the road.


The Predator Mindset


The number one rule

The responsibility of survival and success solely lies on you.


Learn from failure

Own up to your own mistakes to become more lethal. If the target escapes, then most likely you made a mistake and may need to reconsider your prey selections, position, timing, etc…



You must be disciplined enough to recognize the perfect time to strike or when it’s time back down.



Always be on full alert. A successful hunter is rarely caught by surprise. Your targets are the ones that are not aware, impatient, and full of mistakes. That’s the prey.



Strike fast and accurately, the objective is to get in and get out. The less time you’re are vulnerable struggling in a fight, the less time the prey can go get help and the sooner you can go home safely.

Target the weakest link

Target the loner, the weakest and slowest of the herd. This is a crucial strategy that has been successfully implemented by the most dangerous of predators psych as lions and wolves.


Controlling Bleeding

If emergency treatment is not needed, bleeding can usually be stopped by applying steady, direct pressure and elevating the wound. The following steps will help you to control profuse bleeding.



  1. Elevate the wound:

Elevate the wound above the heart.


  1. Use Direct Pressure:

Apply firm pressure with a clean compress (such as heavy gauze pad, washcloth, or t-shirt) directly on top of the wound. When the bleeding slows down or stops, tie the pad firmly in place with gauze strips, a necktie, strips of cloth or a shoelace.


  1. Use Pressure Points:

By pressing on these blood vessels, the blood flow will go away from the wound and it will be slowed down. This will allow direct pressure to stop bleeding.

  • Pressure points: arm between shoulder/elbow, groin area and behind the knee.


  1. Use Tourniquet:

This is your last resort. Place the tourniquet as high above the wound as possible. Mark the time that you apply the tourniquet to tell the experts when they arrive.


ABCDE of Emergency Medicine

tongue_blocking_airway-svgTongue blocking airway

Airway: If the victim responds in a normal voice, then the airway is open. A common sign of partial airway obstruction in the unconscious state is snoring. Depending on the airway, you will need your nasopharyngeal hose and oropharyngeal hose.


cpr1112Providing rescue breath

Breathing: If breathing is insufficient, assisted breathing must be performed by giving rescue breaths. This can be done with or without a CPR mask.


erotic-1524731_1920Sweaty Skin

Circulation: Inspection of the skin gives clues to circulatory problems. Color changes, sweating, and decreased level of responsiveness to touch are signs of decreased circulation.

10700084_10152397631602135_4335806804520123681_o-1024x680Checking alert and responsiveness

Disability: Check for consciousness using the AVPU method. This is when the victim is grades as alert (A), voice responsive (V), pain responsive (P), or unresponsive (U). Regardless of level, the best action is to keep the victim still and call for professional help.

thermChecking temperature by thermometer

Exposure: Signs of trauma, bleeding or skin reactions must be examined. Body temperature can be estimated by feeling the skin or using a thermometer, when available.


The thought process of EDC


The purpose of the EDC is to stay in a constant state of logical and critical thinking. Utilizing only the resources around you. Ask yourself; how can I fix, complete, or survive life or death situations? Two concepts to keep in mind when choosing and using your EDC gear are: Lateral Thinking and P.A.C.E Report.


Lateral Thinking: An Alpha should use lateral thinking to move from one known idea to creating new ideas. Four types of thinking tools.

  1. Have multipurpose items that can help change how you figure things out.
  2. Question the question and rearrange the pieces for the scenario.
  3. Pretend you were someone else trying to solve a problem. Say, if you were a soldier, or a scientist, how would they escape from a hostage situation?
  4. Consider real world restrictions, resources, and support.


P.A.C.E Communication Plan

Primary: The first considered and most often efficient way of completing the objective because you’re communicating.

Alternate: The second route to take to accomplish the same task. Usually initiated in conjunction with Primary, just in case.

Contingency: This method is not the quickest, cheapest, nor easiest in comparison to the first two methods, but can complete the objective in an acceptable manner.

Emergency: This is the last resort and usually has the longest delay, highest cost and most significant impact.



Chapstick Survival


You think chapsticks’ only use is for lips? Think again! A real alpha can turn this everyday object into a tactical tool. Check out these chapstick tips and learn how.


Keep your knife from Rusting: Apply to your knife, if you have to use it in wet conditions. This well keep the blade smooth and rust-free.



Use as a gear lubricant: Apply to the zippers on your gear. This will help with jamming and keep the zipper water resistant in wet conditions.



Use as Mild Anesthetic: Apply to blisters, foot rot, or small cuts. The tingling sensation will help with itchiness and pain.



Use it to extend the life of fire: Apply to a q-tip, match, or any flammable fabric. This will make the flame last longer and can be used as a potential survival light source.

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Common Everyday Carry Items

EDC backpack KnifeAlpha Outpost EDC bag and pocket knife

Folding Knife: We as humans are good at picking things up, pushing things, chewing things open, and tearing things apart. But, one thing we can’t do very well without a tool is cutting things. Having a foldable pocket knife in your EDC bag allows you to instantly respond to any real world cutting task.

iphone-518101_1920Smart Phone

Smart Phone: A smart phone is really handy to have, because you can have multiple useful apps that make your life simpler. For example, if you’re in an unknown location it can show you where you are on a map, or it can just be used as a compass.

p1010144Alpha Outpost Tactical Pen

Tactical Pen: If you’re going to have a pen in your pocket it might as well be one that serves a purpose and not just the ballpoint pen you brought home from the last restaurant you ate at. Depending on the tactical pen you have its going to have different features, our Alpha Outpost pen features a Glass Breaker Point for example.

fak_1024x1024Portable First Aid kit

First Aid Items: In real life situations, there is little need to carry a heavy jam-packed first aid kit. In many situations, a small, lightweight first aid is more desirable to a large complicated one. This type of kit is intended to stop minor common injuries, headaches, and allergies.


Multi-tool: A multi-tool offers solutions to everyday simple problems like loosening or tightening a screw, opening an ice-cold beer, prying a package open, or just cutting something. In thought, a multi-tool is the closest thing that reflects what every day carry is about.

dsc_7485Alpha Outpost Lighter

Lighter: You don’t have to be a smoker to carry a lighter, but having a lighter gives you that primitive caveman pride and reminder that fire is important.


Cash: In a modern day and age, people don’t carry around money as much as they used to and use credit cards instead. However, cash still triumphs all other types of payments, especially during emergencies situations.


Conclusion: The idea of preparedness is that you should organize your life in a experienced and facts based manner that will help support yourself and others in the event of any situations presented to you. Having some of these common items will prepare you for any unexpected situations you might encounter in your daily routines.

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