The Mini is Sawyer’s smallest, lightest and most versatile filter. This 0.1-micron absolute filter weighs a mere 2 ounces, is rated up to 100,000 gallons and can be used the following ways:
(drink directly as shown above)
The MINI can be attached to the included collapsible drinking pouch, inline on a hydration pack, on a standard soda bottle, or simply use the included drinking straw to drink directly from the water source. How is that for versatility?
Can I filter salt water? – No, but that would be nice!
Can the filter freeze? – Brand new filters can be frozen. Once used avoid freezing a filter as it is unknown if freezing will damage the fibers. Try to keep the filter in a plastic bag in a pocket or in your sleeping bag if you’re in below freezing temperatures.
Does it filter taste or chemicals? – The Sawyer filter removes taste that comes from bacteria, dirt, and green matter but not from chemicals or heavy metals. Sawyer filters are not made with charcoal. While other portable filters have charcoal, they lack in the amount of media and adequate dwell time to be truly effective. Therefore, they only remove small amounts of heavy metals, pesticides, etc. (when used in real life applications). Try using better sources of water if possible.
For more FAQ’s please visit www.sawyer.com/faqs
THE 0.1 MICRON ABSOLUTE DIFFERENCE
- Sawyer’s fiber walls are thicker and more robust than other Hollow Fiber Membranes. This allows for higher pressure both for filtering and for backwashing. Sawyer filters can handle 60 PSI forward and 20 PSI backward.
- Sawyer has a proprietary process of making all pores more uniform in size.
- Sawyer’s proprietary process allows for more pores giving better flow and less cleaning.
- Sawyer’s proprietary design has a self-priming mechanism to eliminate air locks making them much easier to restart.
- Sawyer 100% tests all filters to insure no pore is larger than 0.1 microns.
- Sawyer 100% flow tests all filters to ensure adequate flow.
- Sawyer 100% tests all filters after final assembly to ensure quality.
- There is nothing to wear out inside the filter. If water is owing, it’s good.
THE 0.02 MICRON ABSOLUTE DIFFERENCE
- The 0.02-micron purifier has all the advantages of the 0.1-micron filter but with 0.02-micron pores.
- It is the only filter that removes viruses so effortlessly. Gravity does all the work.
- There are no harmful chemicals or heavy metals in the filter.
WHAT ARE THEY
Coliforms are a broad class of bacteria found in the environment.
It’s chocolate ice cream, but you get the point
WHERE DO THEY COME FROM
Both the harmful and non-harmful bacteria primarily come from the feces of humans and other warm-blooded animals. They can also come from rotting vegetation. The presence of non-harmful coliform bacteria in drinking water may indicate a possible presence of harmful, disease-causing organisms.
HARMFUL VS. NON-HARMFUL
Most Coliform bacteria do not cause disease. Coliforms are broken into 3 groups:
Total Coliforms They include bacteria that are found in the soil, in water that has been in influenced by surface water, and in human or animal waste.
Fecal Coliforms both harmful and non-harmful: They are the group of the total coliforms that are considered to be present specifically in the gut and feces of warm-blooded animals
- Coli – a subgroup of the Fecal Coliforms: Some strains of E. Coli can cause serious illness.
PROLIFIC VS. NON-PROLIFIC
E.Coli is generally not found growing and reproducing in the environment. Total Coliforms (of the non-harmful type) are very prolific and once introduced to a surface can spread quickly. These non-harmful types include both fecal and non-fecal Coliforms.
COLIFORMS AND CLEANLINESS
The spread of Coliforms can be combated through good Hygiene. Simple washing with soap and water will prevent the spread of them.
SPREAD OF COLIFORMS
Coliforms can spread by touching the clean end of the filter with a dirty hand, by animal contact, or even by dust particles. Proper hygiene techniques must be taught with the use of the filters. Otherwise, contamination of the discharge side occurs. This is supported both by the Tuft’s study and the Messiah/John Hopkins study referenced later in this handout.
TESTING FOR COLIFORMS
Because Total Coliforms reproduce very quickly they are easy to test for. A high indication of total Coliforms is usually a good and inexpensive way to determine if water needs treatment but it does not guarantee the presence of E. Coli. This type of testing is broad and encompasses most of the non-harmful types of Coliforms.
COMMON MISTAKES MADE WITH TESTING
Because the Total Coliform testing is inexpensive most people believe it is a simple way to see if the filter is working. What they really end up testing is not that the filter is working, but whether or not the discharge end has been contaminated. It only takes a few Coliform bacteria on the discharge to contaminate the sample. Once contaminated the bacteria very quickly grow in the test solution giving a positive test result.
HOW TO PROPERLY TEST A FILTER
There is no quick and easy field test to see if a filter is working. Even an E. Coli test can yield false positive results if the discharge end of the filter is not clean. Simply running water through the filter and doing a total Coliform test does not prove if the filter is working or not. Unless the filters discharged has been cleaned of ALL bacteria, you are going to get a false positive result. People believe that because they processed their sample correctly, they tested the filter correctly. They do not take into account the contamination that could have occurred on the discharge side of the filter and wrongly assume the filter is not functioning. Every time we hear of filter failure it always turns out to be procedural errors. Backwashing and pushing will remove the harmful bacteria, but will not remove all the bacteria. The small amount of non-harmful bacteria that remain will multiply very quickly and yield a false positive test result.
Sawyer has working filters that have been in continuous use for over six years and had filters which have filtered hundreds of thousands of gallons of water. Sawyer’s fibers are so robust, they can be back washed and reused perpetually.
- When backwashing, even the stubborn dirt can be forced off the fibers.
- Sawyer’s robust fibers will not “wear out” over time.
- Sawyer fibers will not break or become damaged if dropped. Only breaking the sealed casing and “playing” with fibers or freezing the cartridge after it is wet could damage the fibers.
Are you sure your water is safe to drink?
Even water that is crystal clear from a fresh mountain spring can be loaded with bacteria and protozoa that cause illness.
Sawyer’s 0.1-micron absolute filters house a cluster of micro-fibrous tubes which use similar technology found in medical dialysis. As water passes through the side walls of the tubes, harmful bacteria and protozoa are trapped on the outer walls so you can be confident your water is safe to drink.
THE SAWYER ADVANTAGE
1. Absolute Microns – Sawyer tests to verify that no pores in our letters are bigger than the listed pore size, unlike other filters that list a nominal or average pore size. This is why we o er the highest level of filtration.
2. Longer lasting – Sawyer filters are robust and can be cleaned over and over. No replacement cartridges needed.
3. No air locking – Sawyer filters will self-correct and not air lock.
*Though the strand size is 0.05 micron in size, this bacteria is shaped like a corkscrew, therefore the shape of the bacteria prohibits it from passing through our 0.1-micron pores.
**Viruses are not commonly transmitted in water, however, Sawyer’s 0.02-micron purifier will filter 99.9999% of viruses. If you’re traveling to an area where there is a known hepatitis or polio outbreak consider using a purifier instead of a filter.
The Sawyer MINI Water Filter is rated to 0.1 microns absolute, weighs only 2 ounces, and filters up to 100,000 gallons! This award-winning system is reliable and easy to use.
The MINI can be attached to the included collapsible drinking pouch, inline on a hydration pack, on a standard soda bottle, or simply use the included drinking straw to drink directly from the water source. How is that for versatility? Like all Sawyer filters, a proper backwashing can restore up to 98.5% of the filter’s flow rate. That means no expensive cartridges to replace, ever.
So what does 100,000 Gallons look like?
100,000 gallons is 2,778 Baths (36-gallon full tub average)
100,000 gallons is 836,000 Pounds
100,000 gallons is 250 days of water consumption for the average American family consuming 400 gallons of water per day. (EPA)
100,000 gallons is 20 semi tanks that can hold 5,000 gallons each.
100,000 gallons is 800,000 (16fl oz) cans of Monster Energy Drink
100,000 gallons is 1,066,667 Solo Cups filled at the 12oz mark. That’s also 53,333 games of beer pong.
100,000 gallons is 6,451 kegs! (15.5 gallon Half Barrel Keg)
100,000 gallons is 250 military water buffaloes. (M149 400 Gallon Trailer)
100,000 gallons is 400,000 Canteens (1qt Canteen)
100,000 gallons is 10,666,667 Beer bottles! (12fl oz)
100,000 gallons is 10.69 refuels on a C-130 Aircraft. (on 9350-gallon auxiliary tank and setup)
100,000 gallons is 4,000 M1151 Humvee refuels. (25-gallon tank)
100,000 gallons is 242.71 refuels on an AH-1G Huey Cobra. (420 Gallon tank)
100,000 gallons is 126,180 refills on a 3L Camelbak.
100,000 gallons is 66,666 gallons of dead terrorist blood. (1.5-gallons a body)
Going to a shooting range for the first time might be confusing, and even downright intimidating for first timers. So, here are a few range tips every beginner should know before handling a weapon.
1.Treat every weapon as if it were loaded. (Keep it pointed in a safe direction at all times.)
2. Never point a weapon at anything you do not intend to shoot. (It might be loaded, even if you think it isn’t.)
3. Keep finger straight and off the trigger, until you are ready to fire. (This is the best way to prevent a negligent discharge.)
4. Keep weapon on safe until you intend to fire. (Again, this prevents a negligent discharge)
Remember, firearms safety depends on you.
Mental Conditioning trains you towards a mindful state of awareness. Thinking with an aware mind will then prepare you for deadly situations. One of the most effective deterrents is an alert person. A criminal would rather deal with an unaware, careless person than an aware one. Preparing yourself mentally will assist the you in preventing and defusing a situation before deadly force becomes necessary. Below are the conditions that will allow you to move from one level of mindset to another while enabling you with the ability to properly handle a given situation.
Condition White: Condition White is an oblivious state during which a person is totally vulnerable and is unaware of his surroundings. DO NOT be caught in this condition.
Condition Yellow: Condition Yellow is a state of nonspecific alert. You are aware of everything going on around you and if the need arise, you are prepared to act.
Condition Orange: Condition Orange is a state of specific alertness. You identified a dangerous situation. You have decided that a course of action is needed. One of the rules of deadly force was met and you are prepared to respond accordingly.
Condition Red: Condition Red. Condition red is the state of being actively engaged with a specific threat. A decision has been made and a set course of action is being taken.
Condition Black: Condition Black is an add-on to the white, yellow, orange, and red conditions. This is when you experience a total state of panic and denial characterized by the inability to logically think and react. This is a condition that you must avoid.
1. Slow Down
Everyone wants to shoot fast, but when shooting at a faster pace you will always sacrifices accuracy. If your target begins to look like it’s been blasted with a shotgun, the common-sense thing to do is slow down and take the time to realign your aim. Once you get the rhythm and accuracy of shooting slow, then you can start to pick up the pace.
2. Dry Fire
This is a very plain and simple tip. There is no substitute for dry-fire practice so it is extremely boring but does save on ammo.
Before you begin any of the dry fire practice drills, please read:
- Unload your gun. Look and feel to make sure the chamber is empty. All live ammunition should be in a different room.
- Put up a target.
- Once you are ready, Look and feel to make sure the chamber is unloaded again.
- Proceed with your practice.
3. Trigger Control
Trigger Control is extremely important when shooting. To have true trigger control, we want to achieve what is called a “surprise break.” This break is described as placing equal and gradual pressure on the trigger until the hammer falls and it surprises you. When you fail to achieve a “surprise break” the round usually strikes somewhere other than the bullseye. Again, achieving a surprise break is critical; the trigger finger works and performs independently of the rest of your body.
4. Sight Alignment
Sight Alignment is the relationship between the front and rear sights with respect to the eye. The clear tip of the front sight post is centered both vertically and horizontally in the rear sight aperture.
- To obtain sight alignment, you must realize that the human eye can only focus on one object at a time. This object, for shooting, is always the front sight post. Thus, if a proper focus is maintained on the front sight post, the aligning of the sight will require the shooter to place a clearly focused front sight in a slightly blurred rear sight aperture.
5. High Firm Pistol Grip
The grip of the weapon with the firing hand is accomplished by placing the web of the firing hand high on the pistol grip and wrapping all fingers except the trigger finger around the pistol grip of the weapon. The trigger finger lays alongside the lower receiver of the weapon unless upon a target with the intention of shooting.