Five Major Terrain Features

Hilltops: This is the highest point in a rise of land. This type of terrain is great to overlook your surroundings.

 

Ridgeline: This is a sloping line of high ground composed of a series of hilltops.

 

Saddle: This is a bend or a low point between two areas of higher ground. If you are standing in the center of a saddle, there is high ground to your left and right and low ground in front to your front and rear.

 

Draw: A draw is a decrease in elevation from a saddle with high ground on each side.

 

Valley: This is a stretched out groove in the land, usually formed by streams or rivers. If standing in a valley, there is high ground in two opposite directions and a gradual incline in the other two directions.

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