icefall

Rescuing somebody from an ice fall

Call 911, it’s best to get help on the way just in case your not able to become the hero of the day. Do not rush to the edge of the hole to attempt to rescue. This may turn into 2 victims in the water instead. When trying to save somebody else that fell into the water remember the steps  Preach, Reach, Throw, Row and Go.

 

  • Preach: Try to coach the person out of the water. Shout out words of encouragement to help them stay calm, fight and survive. Remind them to stay afloat, to never give up, that help is on the way.

  • Reach: If you’re not able to talk them out of the situation safely extend and object like rope, paracord or even jumper cables. Try to stay on the solid safe ground as much as possible, do not go any further out on the ice then what’s needed. If the victim begins to pull you in then release your grip and try again.

  • Throw: throw a line or something that can float. Try to have them wrap the line around their body before they become too weak to grasp it with their hands.

  • Row: Grab a small boat or floatation device. Row or float out to the victim or toss the floatation device out to the victim. If you’re able to grab a boat then pull the person over into the boat.

  • Go: If all else fail you’re just going to have to go get them, but it’s best to let the professionals do this. If you must approach a hole don’t walk upright, instead lay down and roll or slide to the edge. Spreading your body over a larger surface area will make the ice less susceptive to break more. But if it’s too dangerous to perform a rescue then just call 911 and continue to verbally coach the person.

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Ice Ice Baby: Ice Baths

Many professional athletes jump into ice-filled bathtubs after a strenuous workout. Some of the rationales behind putting your body through such extremes is very much straight forward. The low temperatures instantly cool the muscles down; which is an efficient way to bring down inflammation.

Muscles that are overworked become sore due to a chemical called lactic acid. When your muscles are put under heavy stress they begin to get deprived of oxygen and lactic acid starts to build up causing the inflammation.

Ice baths help the blood vessels and the muscles to momentarily constrict which helps get rid of all the waste and byproducts from a strenuous workout. Once the body begins to warm up from the ice bath, the muscle tissue that was affected begins to increase in blood flow. That increase in blood flow helps with the muscle recovery.

If you have never done this before, it is obvious that it will suck and will be very unpleasant. Just remember that that unpleasantness is temporary.

 

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Swipe Right on this Tinder!

 

To start a fire, you need a source, either from a flame or spark. Afterward, use tinder, then move to kindling. The process is simple but difficult when in a survival situation.

Tinder is very crucial and necessary to start a fire. Using our crinkle paper from our boxes will help you create a successful fire. Just put some in a ziplock bag and put it inside your camping/bug out bag.

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Five Major Terrain Features

Hilltops: This is the highest point in a rise of land. This type of terrain is great to overlook your surroundings.

 

Ridgeline: This is a sloping line of high ground composed of a series of hilltops.

 

Saddle: This is a bend or a low point between two areas of higher ground. If you are standing in the center of a saddle, there is high ground to your left and right and low ground in front to your front and rear.

 

Draw: A draw is a decrease in elevation from a saddle with high ground on each side.

 

Valley: This is a stretched out groove in the land, usually formed by streams or rivers. If standing in a valley, there is high ground in two opposite directions and a gradual incline in the other two directions.

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Why choose a Sawyer Filter?

THE 0.1 MICRON ABSOLUTE DIFFERENCE

  • Sawyer’s fiber walls are thicker and more robust than other Hollow Fiber Membranes. This allows for higher pressure both for filtering and for backwashing. Sawyer filters can handle 60 PSI forward and 20 PSI backward.
  • Sawyer has a proprietary process of making all pores more uniform in size.
  • Sawyer’s proprietary process allows for more pores giving better flow and less cleaning.
  • Sawyer’s proprietary design has a self-priming mechanism to eliminate air locks making them much easier to restart.
  • Sawyer 100% tests all filters to insure no pore is larger than 0.1 microns.
  • Sawyer 100% flow tests all filters to ensure adequate flow.
  • Sawyer 100% tests all filters after final assembly to ensure quality.
  • There is nothing to wear out inside the filter. If water is owing, it’s good.

THE 0.02 MICRON ABSOLUTE DIFFERENCE

  • The 0.02-micron purifier has all the advantages of the 0.1-micron filter but with 0.02-micron pores.
  • It is the only filter that removes viruses so effortlessly. Gravity does all the work.
  • There are no harmful chemicals or heavy metals in the filter.

 

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The Color Code System: Mental Conditioning

Business man pointing the text: Unaware/Aware

Mental Conditioning trains you towards a mindful state of awareness. Thinking with an aware mind will then prepare you for deadly situations.  One of the most effective deterrents is an alert person.  A criminal would rather deal with an unaware, careless person than an aware one. Preparing yourself mentally will assist the you in preventing and defusing a situation before deadly force becomes necessary. Below are the conditions that will allow you to move from one level of mindset to another while enabling you with the ability to properly handle a given situation.

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Condition White:  Condition White is an oblivious state during which a person is totally vulnerable and is unaware of his surroundings.  DO NOT be caught in this condition.

 

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Condition Yellow:  Condition Yellow is a state of nonspecific alert.  You are aware of everything going on around you and if the need arise, you are prepared to act.

 

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Condition Orange: Condition Orange is a state of specific alertness.  You identified a dangerous situation. You have decided that a course of action is needed.  One of the rules of deadly force was met and you are prepared to respond accordingly.

 

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Condition Red: Condition Red.  Condition red is the state of being actively engaged with a specific threat. A decision has been made and a set course of action is being taken.

 

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Condition Black: Condition Black is an add-on to the white, yellow, orange, and red conditions. This is when you experience a total state of panic and denial characterized by the inability to logically think and react.  This is a condition that you must avoid.

 

 

Zulu Zulu

Winter Fire!

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Find an area: The hardest task to starting a fire in the snow is protecting the fire from the snow (melting snow) and as well as any cold gusts. So, remember to be aware of your surroundings.

 

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Gather Firewood: When gathering firewood, pick up wood from the ground that is already dead. A good place to find some dead wood and branches are at the bottom of trees. When the snow is heavy, this is a place where dead branches are going to be the driest. 

 

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Begin to build the fire: Before you begin to build a fire, separate your firewood from wet or damp ground. Once your fire starts burning, start placing larger pieces of wood onto the flames. Try not to get frustrated when doing this. Be patient and focus on maintaining your fire.

 

Now enjoy your primitive caveman pride and remember that fire is important for survival!

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Don’t let winter kill you

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Inclined Terrain: A good way to go up a hill during heavy snow is building enough speed while maintaining even pressure on your gas pedal. What you want to happen while doing this is, is to have your tires spin, but not spin too fast that will cause them to slide and lose traction. Nowadays, cars traction controls systems adjust tire spin according to slippage.

 

giphy-6Avalanches: If you see small shiny crystals forming on the top of the snow on a beautiful day that’s a warning sign, that’s called hoarfrost. When that happens is when it snows again on top of the top of that layer, it then creates a very loose layer.

 

 

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Black Ice: Different from snow, ice can be seen sometimes but it’s more often invisible. One way to detect ice is to look for a shiny reflection in the road. It might look like water but be aware, it may be ice. Check to see if puddles are liquid or frozen? (If your car has a thermometer, check and see if it’s at or below 32 degrees as well).

 

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Falling objects due to the sun’s heat: Be aware of your surroundings when it starts to thaw outside. If you’re in a city, don’t take those “falling ice” signs lightly, they might end up saving your life.

 

Pot Holes: As winter ends, the thawing begins and our vehicle’s worse enemy appears. Potholes are tricky because the bright sun and a warm wind can quickly thaw the ice, but they can leave patches in sheltered areas. So, be aware where a wall casts a shadow over the road.

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5 Common Edible Berries

There are several definitions of “berries” or “berry fruits.”  The botanical definition of the berry fruits: berry fruits are fleshy fruits produced from a single flower and containing one ovary. Two common examples of ‘botanical’ berries are grapes and bananas. Below are common berries you can find in the wild when you’re in a survival situation.

winterbWintergreen berries in damp area and shade

Wintergreen Berries: a common plant mainly grows in the northern half of the united states. Its leaves are waxy and dark green and it produces a brilliant red berry that is edible.

  s1160075_fotorManzanita berries like to live in dry, scrubby places

Manzanita Berries: A plant that mainly inhabits the west coast of the united states. Though this plant is edible, it tastes really earthy because the berries are full of tannin.

  pberries_fotorPartridge Berries are found in damp woods, usually among trees that lose their leaves in winter

Partridge Berries: Partridge berries looks similar to cranberry berries but have a very tart and earthy taste. these berries are packed with a ton of natural pectin and are best served with chicken, venison, or cheese.

blackberries-1539540_1920 Blackberries can be found more commonly across the eastern United States and the west coast

Blackberries: These dark berries are like sweet little diamonds from the wild. They are delicious and are a nutritious source of food that we can forage almost anywhere.

 

blueberries-1031221_1920Blueberries turn into a deep bluish blue by the end of July/beginning of August, depending on local conditions.

Blueberries: Blueberries belong to the Heather family (The Heather Family is a large plant family, containing over 4000 species in 126 genera) The tough, low-growing plants can absolutely carpet a forest floor. That being said, this provides a paradise for foraging.