icefall

Rescuing somebody from an ice fall

Call 911, it’s best to get help on the way just in case your not able to become the hero of the day. Do not rush to the edge of the hole to attempt to rescue. This may turn into 2 victims in the water instead. When trying to save somebody else that fell into the water remember the steps  Preach, Reach, Throw, Row and Go.

 

  • Preach: Try to coach the person out of the water. Shout out words of encouragement to help them stay calm, fight and survive. Remind them to stay afloat, to never give up, that help is on the way.

  • Reach: If you’re not able to talk them out of the situation safely extend and object like rope, paracord or even jumper cables. Try to stay on the solid safe ground as much as possible, do not go any further out on the ice then what’s needed. If the victim begins to pull you in then release your grip and try again.

  • Throw: throw a line or something that can float. Try to have them wrap the line around their body before they become too weak to grasp it with their hands.

  • Row: Grab a small boat or floatation device. Row or float out to the victim or toss the floatation device out to the victim. If you’re able to grab a boat then pull the person over into the boat.

  • Go: If all else fail you’re just going to have to go get them, but it’s best to let the professionals do this. If you must approach a hole don’t walk upright, instead lay down and roll or slide to the edge. Spreading your body over a larger surface area will make the ice less susceptive to break more. But if it’s too dangerous to perform a rescue then just call 911 and continue to verbally coach the person.

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Controlling Bleeding

If emergency treatment is not needed, bleeding can usually be stopped by applying steady, direct pressure and elevating the wound. The following steps will help you to control profuse bleeding.
elevation

 

 

  1. Elevate the wound:

Elevate the wound above the heart.

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  1. Use Direct Pressure:

Apply firm pressure with a clean compress (such as heavy gauze pad, washcloth, or t-shirt) directly on top of the wound. When the bleeding slows down or stops, tie the pad firmly in place with gauze strips, a necktie, strips of cloth or a shoelace.

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  1. Use Pressure Points:

By pressing on these blood vessels, the blood flow will go away from the wound and it will be slowed down. This will allow direct pressure to stop bleeding.

  • Pressure points: arm between shoulder/elbow, groin area and behind the knee.

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  1. Use Tourniquet:

This is your last resort. Place the tourniquet as high above the wound as possible. Mark the time that you apply the tourniquet to tell the experts when they arrive.

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ABCDE of Emergency Medicine

tongue_blocking_airway-svgTongue blocking airway

Airway: If the victim responds in a normal voice, then the airway is open. A common sign of partial airway obstruction in the unconscious state is snoring. Depending on the airway, you will need your nasopharyngeal hose and oropharyngeal hose.

 

cpr1112Providing rescue breath

Breathing: If breathing is insufficient, assisted breathing must be performed by giving rescue breaths. This can be done with or without a CPR mask.

 

erotic-1524731_1920Sweaty Skin

Circulation: Inspection of the skin gives clues to circulatory problems. Color changes, sweating, and decreased level of responsiveness to touch are signs of decreased circulation.

10700084_10152397631602135_4335806804520123681_o-1024x680Checking alert and responsiveness

Disability: Check for consciousness using the AVPU method. This is when the victim is grades as alert (A), voice responsive (V), pain responsive (P), or unresponsive (U). Regardless of level, the best action is to keep the victim still and call for professional help.

thermChecking temperature by thermometer

Exposure: Signs of trauma, bleeding or skin reactions must be examined. Body temperature can be estimated by feeling the skin or using a thermometer, when available.

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How to use the Fracture Pack

A fracture is a break or crack in a bone. It is not always possible to tell if a bone has been fractured. If you are not sure apply first aid for fractures as it is best to assume it is and treat it accordingly.

Steps on providing first aid on a fracture:

  • Place arm over splint

V-Shaped for arm
 Molded finger rest
Molded Splint
  • Mold splint to arm, and add a finger rest.

  • Wrap the splint and arm with gauze.

NOTE: Over time, you may lose traction because the material weakened. Check the traction periodically. If you must change or repair the gauze, do so.

 

Splinting a fracture tutorial

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Applying Chest Seal for a Sucking Chest Wound

Normal lung compared to Collapsed lung

What is a sucking chest wound?

A collection of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse most often as a result of penetrating trauma such as a stab or gunshot wound. The term “sucking chest wound” comes from the audible motion of air into but not out of the pleural cavity and causing an eventual tension pneumothorax

Bubbling chest wound

Signs / Symptoms:

1. Chest wall trauma (Bleeding/wound).

2. Shortness of breath and tachypnea (breathing fast).

3. Decreased chest wall motion.

4. May hear a moist sucking or bubbling sounds as air moves in and out of the chest wall defect.

 

Treatment:

Exit wound check

1. Check casualty for entrance and exit wound.

Wear protective gloves
 2. Clean area around wound.

Alpha Outpost Chest Seal

3. Cover wound with chest seal.

4. Seal (tape) wound on 4 sides.

5. Monitor vitals.

6. Replace to relieve pressure if patient becomes very short of breath and has extreme difficulty moving air in and out.

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How to use a CPR mouth guard

Why do you use a mouth guard: This one way barrier helps protect the rescuer by avoiding direct contact from the casualty’s mouth.

Steps to use:

1. Remove the face shield from its wrapper.

2. Place the face shield over the casualty’s face. This shield features a printed illustration to indicate correct use.

 

3. Open the airway using by using head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. Place your mouth over the face shield and provide two rescue breaths to the victim.

 

4. Continue with chest compression’s and rescue breaths until medical help arrives.

TIP: Attach to your keys to help support yourself and others in the event of any situations presented to you.

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Organized like an MRE; The Medic Kit

Vacuumed sealed MRE packaging

Don’t have enough patience or time to get your first aid kit organized? Our third initial box, the Medic Kit, resembles the familiar MRE packaging because we want you to have an effortless, stress free task pulling out medical supplies on the spot.

Alpha Outpost Fracture Pack

The contents of the emergency medic kit are tactically bundled into separate compartments for immediate reference. Each package offers a solution to a high stress situation.

Alpha Outpost Medic Kit 

Vacuum packaging also helps eliminate some or all oxygen that commonly contributes to deterioration while making the package lighter and water tight.

Water Tight Packaging 

Another advantage to this style of packaging is that dust, insects, and a variety of other external elements that may harm or damage the products will not be able to penetrate the package.

What your backpack can look like after a long journey

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